Melasma, also known as chloasma, is a form of hyperpigmentation that appears on the face, especially the cheeks, bridge of the nose, forehead, and upper lip, and sometimes on other parts of the body that are exposed to heat. sun, like the forearms. Men can also suffer from the appearance of melasma, but it is much more common in women.
Melanin is the pigment that defines the color of people's skin. The increased production of melanin is the cause of melasma. This increase is believed to occur due to changes in hormone levels, especially those caused by pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives, as well as those caused by sun exposure.
Melasma is not harmful by any means, but it can be distressing when it is very obvious.
The factors that affect the appearance of melasmas are:
There are three different types of melasma:
MELASMA AND PREGNANCY
Between 10 and 15% of pregnant women suffer from melasma; in fact, this condition is sometimes known as "the mask of pregnancy."
During pregnancy, endogenous hormones (that is, hormones naturally produced by the body) stimulate melanocytes (melanin-producing cells located in the basal layer of the epidermis) to produce more melanin.
The most significant step you can take to prevent or reduce the severity of melasma is to be proactive about sun protection. Limit your time in the sun, stay out of the sun during peak radiation hours, and wear protective clothing and hats whenever possible. This habit is very important if you have a genetic disposition to melasma (ie it often runs in your family) or if you are pregnant, taking birth control pills or other forms of hormonal supplementation.
Sun protection isn't just for sunbathers. The sun's rays affect the skin even on cloudy days, so you must provide the skin with the daily protection it needs. In addition to reducing hyperpigmentation, Eucerin Anti-Pigment Day SPF 30 effectively protects against UVA and UVB rays (SPF 30) and prevents the formation of further pigment spots caused by the sun.
If you'll be spending a lot of time in the sun, choose a product with a high or very high sun protection factor that has been specially formulated for your skin type and condition, and apply it regularly. You can find more information about Eucerin's range of superior sun protection products here.
Los tratamientos dermatológicos como el peeling químico o el láser pueden ayudar a reducir el melasma. El melasma epidérmico es el tipo más fácil de reducir, ya que la profundidad de los pigmentos de melanina en el melasma dérmico y combinado los hace mucho más difíciles de tratar.